Transportation or transport is the carrying of people and goods from one destination to another. The term comes from the Latin trans meaning
“across” and portare meaning “to carry”.

Transportation can be divided into three distinct fields:

1. Infrastructure - When we refer to infrastructure it includes our transport networks such as roads, railways, airways, canals, and

pipeline. This also includes the terminals or nodes such as airports, railway stations, bus stations, and seaports.

2. Vehicle – These comprises of the vehicles that we regularly ride in the networks for instance automobiles (buses, cars, taxis, and etc.), trains and airplanes.

3. Operations – They are the control of the whole transport system including traffic lights/signals on roads, ramp meters, railroad switches, air traffic control, and etc.

As well as these, other policies such as how to fund and finance the system is also important. A good example is the use of tolls roads or gasoline taxes and duties.

All around the world the transportation network is carefully planned and designed by professional civil engineers and urban/town planning personnel. Then the vehicles are specially designed and
made to fit into this network by mechanical engineers, and specialist such as aerospace engineers and nautical engineers. Lastly for smooth operations experts systems engineering, and operational researches are both use to make sure that the best controls are in placed.

In different countries their infrastructure, vehicle used and operation which are in placed would be different as it would be planned, and designed to suit that particular environment needs. Although, this is the case the modes of transport system would still very similar. Transportation network would generally be surrounded by:

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