Transportation History

Transportation is way of carrying goods and people from one point to another either over ground, across the water or through the air. It can be by the means of automobiles, trains, ships, boats, ferries, or airplanes.

Our history first documented ground transportation of goods carried by people across long roads and bridges during the prehistoric development of Central America, Mexico, and Peru . The first known carriers were sledges that were created by the ancient peoples, made from a forked of a tree tied over multiple crosspieces of wood with vines. Evidence also shows that the Native Americans in the Great Plains made some sort of a travois by fastening two poles at one end to the sides of a horse or dog and the other end lagging on the ground, hence, the back parts of the two poles can then be attached by a net or a platform where goods can be loaded.

The first road vehicles date back as far as 3000 B.C. These were two-wheeled carts, with the wheels curved from large stone into rough
disks shape. They were commonly used by the Sumerians, Egyptians and Greeks serving as simple wagons to carry goods and people to chariots used for war, races, and processions .

It wasn't until the end of the 12th century that four-wheeled horse drawn carriages were developed and operated but it was only the
rich and the privileged were able to afford such luxury. During the 18th century operation of licensed stagecoaches and omnibuses spread throughout Europe particularly in Paris and England . It didn't take long until demands extended to the United States which led to the creation of prairie schooner and Conestoga wagon. These were able to transport not only goods but also people across terrain, and mountains.

Towards the second half of the 19th century the development of trains as a majority form of transportation of both people and goods were used
throughout United States . Railroad services were able to provide service from most major cities to the most isolated country sites and farms. However, it was until after World War I, that car, buses, trucks came into use and exceeded the importance railroads services.

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